Produced exclusively within the Champagne region of France, this sparkling wine is formed by inducing in-bottle secondary fermentation of wine to effect carbonation. This results in effervescing on opening of the bottle.
Not unlike Bordeaux wines, which is yet another variety of wines that has taken its name from its birthplace, Champagne too follows the same route to gain its name. Though some wine producers making similar bubbly wines often call them Champagne, however the European Union strongly denounces the use of the name to any other maker other than the wineries of the Champagne district of France.
It is not quite clear as to who made champagne so famous – was it the French aristocracy, or the champagne makers’ excellence? But one thing is clear, and this is that, champagne has earned a special place all over the world and is highly regarded too.
During 1866, the famous champagne maker had commissioned public entertainer for making celebrity endorsements for champagne. While Leybourne wrote and performed songs extolling the virtues of champagne, particularly as a reflection of taste and affluence, the campaign for champagne gained ground and people even from middle echlons of life started drinking champagne. marketing strategy proves enduring till today.
Champagne is a very popular drink when people are celebrating and is a common toast in honor of something or someone. Organized a famous champagne reception when the city of London won the bid to host the 2012 Summer Olympic Games, and so it was an occasion to celebrate. Champagne is also popular when a event is kicked off such aa the launch of a ship or a cultural meet.
Champagnes are available in several varities that include:-
- Non Vintage (NV) Champagnes are wine blended that are dated many years to get the ‘style de maison’ house style. Many NV champagnes are blended from 30 or 40 different wines. However, a champagne that is not a vintage is not allowed to be sold unless it is fifteen months old, though most famous houses keep them longer for creating better taste. As the champagne ages, it becomes softer when served and when it comes to the taste it is richer too.
- Vintage champagne, on the contrary, is blended from wines that are made in a particular year, if the harvest quality was good enough so that it could be termed as a ‘vintage’. Since every year need not be a year of vintage, it is left to the company making it to declare it as vintage. But vintage champagne need to be a minimum of 39 months of age before it can be made available for sale but most houses keep them for a longer period.
- Rosé champagne is made by the following 2 processes (either one) – (a) By black grapes that goes through maceration when they are pressed to leech out the color from the skin or (b) By adding a small quantity of red wine to bring in the rose tint. The former way, according to champagne gurus, is more costly as well as tricky to control, however it can produce excellent result.
- Prestige Cuvees or Delux cuvees are special quality champagnes that are produced during vintage year. Moet’s Dom Pérignon is an example of Prestige Cuvee. Also in the list is Perrier-Jouet Belle Epoque (Flower Bottle) 1898, Lanson Noble Cuvee 1988, Mumm Grand Cordon 1990, Laurent-Perrier Grand Siecle 1990, Moet & Chandon Dom Perrignon 1985, 1990.nthetic chemicals that are harmful to everything and everyone on this small planet of ours.