Any kind of wine that is produced in the Bordeaux district of France is popularly referred to as Bordeaux wine. In this, it is quite similar to Champagne that gets its name from the Champagne district of France where it is made.
Ranging from large quantities of everyday table wine to some of the most expensive and classy wines in the world market, more than seven hundred million bottles of Bordeaux wines are produced from 9000 wineries (usually called Châteaux) in Bordeaux every year. Now that is a number that speaks volumes about how popular these wines have become over the years. Though most Bordeaux wines are of the red variety, sweet white wines as well dry white, rose and a variety of sparkling wine like Crémant de Bordeaux are also referred to as Bordeaux wines.
Why Is Bordeaux So Famous For Its Wines?
Located almost half way between the North Pole and the Equator, the Bordeaux region of France, with its 284,320 acres under vine is the second largest wine-growing area in the world. Winemaking in Bordeaux has been successful primarily because of the geological foundation of the region which is rich in calcium and the favourable climate that sweeps over the area.
Both these factors are good for the growth of grapes, which is obviously an important element in wine making. Besides, the region is amply irrigated by the Gironde estuary where the Garonne and the Dordogne rivers along with their tributaries do their job well.
However, to understand the Bordeaux wine specialty, one must have a thorough idea about its wine region which can be divided into several subregions like Saint Emilton, Pomerol, Medoc, Graves, etc. The Bordeaux appelations and their wine styles are normally categorized into as many as six primary groups, 4 Red and 2 White wines, and this is subregion wise based.
Red Bordeaux & Bordeaux Superior are the basic wines Bordeaux that are Red and these wines can be produced in all areas in this region, representing the cheapest Bordeaux wines. Many of these are sold under commercial brand names instead of the classical “Chậteaux” wines. Almost like a fruit and having a marginal oak influence, these wines are supposed to be drunk young.
Red Cốtes de Bordeaux tend as an intermediate between the Red colored Bordeaux and other famed brands from appellations on the right and the left bank in the same way as well as the style. As none of the Bordeaux’s names are here, the prices are moderate.
Red Libourne also known simply as ‘Right Bank’ wines that have been dominated by Merlot and some Cabernet Sauvignon. These wines have a fruit concentration, softer tannin and stay for more time as well.
Mếdoc and Red Graves or simply ‘Right bank wines’ has been controlled by Cabernet Sauvignon. When you want a wine that is concentrated, tannic and long-lived, this is the one to select. Also, they can be stored in a cellar for sometime before drinking.
Dry white wines come from all over the region and are made from a blend of Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc.
Sweet white wines are also produced all through the region from Semillon, Muscadelle grapes and Sauvignon Blanc.