White Wine

Surprisingly enough, white wines are not pure white in color but possess various hues of yellow, ranging from off-white to amber. As a matter of fact, the color of a wine depends on the color of skin of the grape from which the wine is made. In the case of white wines, the grapes are pressed as soon as they are picked, and as a result the juice hardly gets any surface contact with the skin. Colour in white wine also depends on the type of the wood that has been used in preparation of the wine.

So white wine is made by fermenting grapes. Yes it is true that other fruits such as berries and apples can also be fermented (and other products are also used to make wines), and they often lead to wine making as well, such as rice wine and barley fine that are made from starchy materials. But white wine is never made from these things – they are always made from grapes. There are other white alcoholic drinks too such as Vodka and even white Rum, but white wine should not ever be confused with them. It is distinct from them all.

One unique thing about white wine is that, you need to drink it quickly. In other words, drink white wine young as it does not age very well. But when you need to store them, do ensure that the room temperature is at 45° F as this is the ideal temperature for white wine. Serve white wine with white meat and you have a great combination there.

Also, white wines possess several distinctiveness of which sweetness and a fruity nature are prominent and thus worth mentioning. Here, sweetness does not always designate the optimum level of syrupiness in the wine, but the fruit flavor of the beverage itself. For example, the Sancerre Sauvignon of France which has a fruity tang (grapefruit and lime) is nevertheless barely sweet in taste.

However, white wines are also available as dry white wines that come with a lesser percentage of residual sugar (RS) in them. In fact, the difference between regular white wine and dry white wine depend mostly on this RS factor. As long as the RS factor remains on the higher side, the wine remains regular white wine but as soon as it diminishes, it tends to become dry.

Though Champagne is also basically a white wine (perhaps the most popular type when the sales figures from across the world are taken into consideration), yet it comes under the category of dry white wine as the RS factor in Champagne is quite low. Of course, the level of sugariness in a wine can be altered if its acidic nature is hiked but then it tends to become drier.

Incidentally, wines that are terminally dry also come under the category of white wines, some of which are listed below.

Wine

Origin

Chardonnay

France

Pinot Grigio

Italy

Pinot Blanc

Austria, Italy, Germany

Chenin Blanc

France

Riesling

France, Germany, Austria, New Zealand & USA (California)