According to the National Organic Program that is supported by the USDA, organic wines are defined as “wines that has been made from grapes that are organically grown and having no sulfites in them”. In other words, it may mean “wines that are developed from organic grapes” or grapes that are organically grown since they are permitted to contain a maximum of added sulfites up to 100 ppm. However, in a stricter sense, this will boil down to only three Organic wines – a white, a red and a grape juice fortified dessert wine bearing the famous brand of Cartagen that contain no added sulfite at all.
There was a time when doctors used to strictly prohibit the intake of any alcoholic products as they said that drinking was bad for your health. However this line of thought has changed considerably over time and today many agree (and they are also supported by research data) that drinking small quantities once or twice every week, particularly wine, is actually good for health. And if you are discussing organic then this is even more relevant as organic wine does not contain anything that is bad for your health.
But there is nothing new about organic wines as they have been around for centuries in certain parts of the world such as in India. While everyone will endorse the idea of producing as well as consuming such organically fermented SURA(produced with the help of fermented bio-friendly fruits and flowers and consumed by ancient Indian kings and noblemen), it nevertheless, is hard to produce such an ethereal product in the modern day as wines tend to become very unstable without the added SO2.
But there are some problems too with the organic wine. The wine industry, in spite of producing the wine from organically produced grapes, will not be permitted to call it “organic” even with the permissible level of 100 ppm SO2 in it although the product is 99.99% organic. Yet another confusing point that some growers have raised in this organic issue is that, it is quite possible to make sulfite-free wine with conventional (non-organic) grapes. So technically, these can be termed as organic wine too. So all things considered, the issue is quite complicated really.
As confusion and bewilderment reigns supreme in the matter, most people engaged in the wine trade either directly or indirectly are of the opinion that this move by the USDA has been purposefully taken by the authorities mainly to distract people from more serious issues like wanton water pollution, soil depletion and erosion, gradual but certain loss of biodiversity, resistance to pests, wrong ecological impact and many more. And naturally, these issues have an impact on wine production because the vineyards are sure to be affected.
As a matter of fact, a true Organic Wine is one that is made from grapes that are grown without chemical fertilizers, weed killers, insecticides as well as all other forms of sy